一篇包含了所有英语句式时态的小文章

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2020年08月16日 14:48
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My English Dream

Hello! My name is ****, I love english Because speaking
english is interesting, And it's also very useful, When I
listen to my teacher Benney, Who is a teacher teaching
english, I can always understand what he's talking about,
I have been learning English for 7 years, And I have
already read a lot of English textbooks by now. but I have
not yet read English novels . I am always told by my friends
that my English is getting better than before.
Yesterday, Benny said to me, “How beautiful your English
is! What a good student you are!”
And I told him that if I had started earlier, my English
would have become better.
I was wondering. “Am I late? What can I do? “
Benny answered, “ Don't be nervous. The fact that you are
late is not a problem. The problem is how hard you're
learning now. How you learn it is also very important, isn't
it? What would you say? ”
I would say I will try my best to make my English as good
as possible, And I'm sure that I will have spoken like a


foreigner by the end of my school years and I will be
teaching others how to learn it. They would be calling me
a teacher. There is always one dream in my heart. and this
is it.
Only with this dream would I study hard. And I will never
give up.
解析版:
Hello! My name is ****,
主第表结构:主语+系动词be(amisare)+名词形容词地点副

如:He is a teacher. I am a girl. They are boys.(主语
+be +名词)
He is interesting. I am very happy. They are beautiful.
They are everywhere. I am here. She is there。
I love english ,(主语+谓+宾)because speaking english is
interesting, and it's also very useful, (状语从句,表原
因,这是两个并列句,每个句子中都是一个主系表结构)
When I listen to my teacher Benney, (teacher与Benny表
达的是同一个意思,叫做同位语)who is a teacher teaching


English,(定语从句,因为要修饰人,用who,他是一个 老师,
什么样的老师?teaching English又对teacher进行修饰,整
个句子相当于:when I listen to my English teacher ,Benny.
这个句子是下一句的时间状语从句,因而用when引导)
I can always understand what he's talking about,(宾语
从 句,做understandr的宾语。表示听懂的内容,用what引导,
引导词后是一个现在进行时 ,表示他现在或现阶段正在说着的内
容)
I have been learning English for 7 years, (表示到现在
为止一直在做的事情,谓语形式为 have(has)+been+doing,
如:My father has been learning English since he was 20 years
old. )
And I have already read a lot of English textbooks by now,
(现在完成时,表示现阶段已经完成的对现在仍有影响的行为,
一般句子里只要出现aleady、yet、by、since 等副介词时,
该句子大概率为完成时态) but I have not yet read English
novels.(现在完成时的否定状态)
I am always told by my friends(被动语态) that my English
is getting better than before.(宾语补足语,引导词that,
补充朋友们告诉我的内容)


Yesterday,(时间状语) Benny said to me, (过去时)“How
beautiful your English is! What a good student you are!”
(分别是两个用How和what引导的感叹句,注意结构:How+形
容 词+主语+系动词;What+【形容词做定语】+主语+系动词,这
是两个主系表结构的句子转换成的 感叹句)
And I told him that (间接引语)if I had started earlier,
(had+done结构,过去完成时) my English would have become
better.(would+have+done结构,过去将来完成时)
I was wondering.(过去进行时) “Am I late? What can I do?
“(一般疑问句和特殊疑问句)
Benny answered, “ Don't be nervous. (祈使句)
The fact that you are late (you are late和The fact表
达同一意思,是同位语从句,共同做主语)is not a problem. (系
+表)。
The problem is (主+系)how hard you're learning now. (表
语从句)How you learn it (主语从句)is also very important,
(系+表) isn't it? What would you say? ”(共有三个主系
表结构)
I would say (过去将来时:would+do动词原形)I will try
my best to make (不定式)my English as good as possible,


(尽可能的好) And I'm sure (这也是主系表结构)that I will
have spoken like a foreigner by the end of my school years
(will+have+done,将来完成时)and I will be teaching others
how to learn it. (will+be+doing,将来进行时) They would
be calling me a teacher. (would+be+doing过去将来进行时,
不常用)There is always one dream in my heart.(there be
句型) and this is it.(简单句)
Only with this dream would I study hard. (倒装句,正常
语序应该是I would study hard only with this dream)And I
will never give up. (主谓结构)

英语中的基本句式只有两种:
1、主+谓+(宾)
2、主+系+表 < br>不管一个句子多长多复杂,都可以分析为以上结构,只不过将主
语或宾语变成了另一个句子,称为 主语从句或宾语。修饰主语或
宾语的也可以是一个句子,叫做定语从句。另外,还有状语从句,
即用一个句子来表示状态,如时间、地点、方式、目的、原因等。

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