冀教版小学英语四年级上册教材分析

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2020年12月31日 18:34
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2020年12月31日发(作者:居瑛)


冀教版小学英语四年级上册教材分析
一、课标要求
三四年级英语教学属课标中的一级要求,一级总目标要求描述如下:
对英语有兴趣,喜欢听他 人说英语。能根据教师的简单指令做动作、做游戏、
做事情(如涂颜色)。能做简单的角色表演。能唱简 单的英文歌曲,说简单的英
文歌谣。能在图片的帮助下听懂和读懂简单的小故事。能交流简单的个人信息 ,
表达简单的感觉和情感。能模仿范例(仿写词句)。在学习中乐于模仿、敢于表
达,对英语有 一定的感知能力。对学习中接触的外国文化感兴趣。具体要求如下:

课标具体要求

















语言技能:
听做:
1 能听到的词句识别或指认图片或实物;
2 能听懂课堂简短的指令并作出相应的反

3 能根据指令做事情,如指图片、涂颜色、
画图、做动作等;
4 能在图片和动作提示下听懂简单的小故
事并作出适当反应。
说唱:
1 能根据录音模仿说话;
2 能相互致以简单的问候;
3 能相互交流简单的个人信息,如姓名、
年龄等;
4 能表达简单的情感和感觉,如喜欢和不
喜欢等;
5 能根据表演猜测意思,说出词语;
6 能学唱英语儿童歌曲和歌谣15首左右;
7 能根据图文说出单词或短句。
玩演:
1 能在教师指导下用英语做游戏并在游戏
中进行简单的交际。
2 能做简单的角色表演。












读写:
1 能看图识词;
2 能在指认物体的前提下认读所词语;
3 能在图片的帮助下读懂简单的小故事;
4 能正确书写字母和单词;
5 能模仿范例写词句。
视听:
能看懂简单的英语动画片或程 度相当的英语
教学节目,课堂视听时间每学年达10小时以
上,即每周20—25分钟。
情感态度:
对英语有兴趣,喜欢听他人说英语。敢于开
口,表达中不怕出错误。
学习 策略(二级):
积极与他人合作,共同完成学习任务;遇到
问题主动向老师和同学请教;在学习 中集中
注意力;在课堂交流中注意倾听、积极思
考;注意观察和生活或媒体中使用的简单英语;会指定简单的英语学习计划;对所学内
容能主动复习和归纳;在词语与相应事物之
间建 立联想;尝试阅读英语故事及其他英语
课文读物;积极运用所学英语进行表达和交
流;能初步借 助简单的工具书学习英语。
文化意识:
对学习中出现的外国文化感兴趣。



二、教材编排体例


UNIT1 Clothes We Wear
服装话题
UNIT2 At Home
居家话题









UNIT3 Let’s Go
出行话题
UNIT4 Shopping In the City
购物话题
每课四会单词
Vocabulary in Each Unit
Word List
文中出现的新单词














Unit 1 The Clothes We wear
Lesson 1 Skirt and Trousers
Lesson 2 New and Old
Lesson 3 Coat and Scarf
Lesson 4 Shoes and Socks
Lesson 5 Days of the Week
Lesson 6 Betty’s Clothes(故事课)
Unit 2 At home
Lesson 7 Homework
Lesson 8 TV and Phone
Lesson 9 In the Bedroom
Lesson 10 Brush and Wash
Lesson 11 Toys
Lesson 12 John and Jack
每单元包含一个复习课Again, please!
Reading for fun
Goldilocks and the Three Bears
The Black Bike








•< br>•




Unit 3 Let’s go
Lesson 13 At School
Lesson 14 Near and Far
Lesson 15 In the City
Lesson 16 Cars and Buses
Lesson 17 I’m Lost
Lesson 18 Lost in the City
Unit 4 Shopping in the City
Lesson 19 Let’s Go Shopping
Lesson 20 At the Shop
Lesson 21 Cinema and Park
Lesson 22 At the Supermarket
Lesson 23 Shopping Online
Lesson 24 Etta’s Teddy Bear

教 材以四个贴近学生实际生活的话题,严谨的知识结构系统,辅以多图文
并茂丰富多彩的方式,呈现语言知 识,意在激发学生对继续学习英语的兴趣,并
提高学生的综合语言运用能力。
三、教材分析与建议


每个单元的前5课为新授课,具体而言,每单元的语言知 识又可从语音、词
汇、句型方面细化。
就语音教学而言,三年级已经学过20个辅音音素p p, b b, t t, d d,
k k, g g, f f, v v, m m, n n, l l, s s, z z, x ks, h h,
w w, r r c(s k) y j , 6个元音音素:a ei, e i:, i ai, o u
ju:, yi, 绝大部分符合英汉的拼读规则,本册继续学习字母组合sh, ch, th, tr, dr,
ck, qu, ing, ts, ds, wh, wr的发音和元音字母a, e, i, o, u 的闭音节发音,其中字母组
th, qu, ts, ds, wh, wr 因与汉语拼音发音规则有较大不同,将是教学的难点。a, e, i,
o, u的开音节发音和闭音节发音要进行对比学习以区分不同。
就词汇教学而言,本册要求学生掌握以下四会单词(共计75个),shirt, skirt,
trousers, sweater, this, these, is, are, new, old, it, they, coat, cap, Miss, dress, shoe,
sock, shorts, not, day, today, week, do, my, homework, read, book, watch, TV, bed,
clean, listen, listen to, wash, face, toy, ball, kite, fly, play, play with, school, classroom,
library, playground, where, near, far, far from, the, street, bike, taxi, car, bus, thirty,
light, red, yellow, green, shop, let’s, go, go shopping, want, to, buy, way, cinema, park,
supermarket, tomato, potato, bag. 其中名词40个, 动词13个, 代词 7个, 形
容词7个, 冠词 1个,数词 1个, 介词 2个,动词短语4
三会单词 159个:about, how about, after, afternoon, am, and, at, back, bedroom,
birthday, blue, breakfast, brush, but, by, can, candy, cannot, catch, city, clothes, colour,
come, computer, cool, cry, dad, dinner, draw, easy, evening, everywhere, excuse,
favourite, film, finally, find, for, forget, Friday, friend, fun, get, gift, glove, got, great,
hair, hamburger, happily, happy, has, have, he, help, her, here, hi, hello, him, his,
home, hooray, hot, house, how, how many, kid, left, lesson, let, little, live, look, look
for, lost, make, many, may, me, meet, mice, miss, Monday, morning, mother, Mrs.,
much, how much, mum, music, name, nice, now, number, of, okay, old, online, or, our,
party, phone, picture, put, put on, restaurant, right, room, run, Saturday, say, scarf, see,
she, show, sister, some, sorry, still, stop, story, straight, Sunday, take, talk, tea, teddy
bear, teeth, that, them, then, there, throw, Thursday, time, tired, together, too, traffic,
Tuesday, turn, unit, up, use, very, visit, wait, we, wear, Wednesday, well, what, when,
white, will, write, you, your


在四会单词中,数词只有一个thirty, 但 应当对前两册所学的数词进行横向
和纵向整合,以类比、推理形式进行几十几的数词的渗透,实现数词的 循环上升
认识,从认到写有一个质和量的提升。名词包括服装, 星期, 场所, 交通工
具, 果蔬等,在服装类单词的教学方面要注意单复数形式的区分和运用,这既是
重点又是难点。本册的动词有 三类:实意动词,be动词和动词短语,动词短语
要作为教学的重点,因本册书以第一人称形式呈现,在 故事课或其他阅读理解中
出现动词单三的用法,所以渗透以理解为主,从教师的输入上给学生一个正确的
认识,不必作为重点。
在句型方面,以陈述句为主,兼顾一般疑问句和特殊疑问句,其中问句 应作
为教学的重点,要注意呈现的方式和语境。需要注意的特殊疑问句包括:What day
is it today? What is heshe wearing? What do you do …时间地点? Where is ….?
How do you go to ….? What do you want to buy? How about …? How much…一般
疑问句包括:Is it new? Are they new? Is this yourhisher …? Are these they
yourhisher …? Is the …far from ….? Is it near? Can you help me? May I help you?
Do you like …? Can I …? Are you okay? 肯定及否定回答。祈使句如Let’s go
to …to….陈述句:There is are ….需要引导学生在语境中认知 。
在培养学生的语言技能方面,教材安排了歌曲、歌谣和活动与游戏Let’s play.
Let’s act. Pair work等。
在故事课教学方面,要结合每一单元的话题 来进行,要深入挖掘其中的资源,
可以上成阅读理解课,设计一些判断或选择题目来加深对故事的理解, 也可以让
学生来复述或表演故事。借此机会教师可以拓展学生的课外阅读,增加绘本教学,
加大 语言输入量。每个故事都可以在原有基础上延伸,如: U1 Betty’s clothes _
着装话题;U2 John and Jack_行为动词(短语);U3 Lost in the City_问路话题; U4
Etta’s Teddy Bear _Let’s go to … to ….句型训练。
教材中出现的评价性语言亦可作为教师引导学生评价学生和生生评价的工
具,让评价和语言教学深度融合。上册集中在Food单元:This juice is good. I
like … for breakfast. I’m sadhungry. You are the magic. Donuts. My favourite. May I
have one? I’ll get some fruit for you. The apples look good. 本册出现的有评价性的
句子有:U1:I like itthem. I like your skirttrousers. Yellow is my favourite colour.
They are my favourite trousers. It’s nice. They are nice. Thanks. He is cool. She looks


nice. It’s nice for a party. U2: yes, okay. Saturday is fun. They play together. Hooray.
Let’s help the little bird. They go home happily. U3: your school is great. I can show
you. Here it is. Thanks. Let me help you. Thank you. I miss her very much. I meet a
nice cat. My sister is happy to see me. What a bignicegood … U4: Here they are. I
want to go to …Let’s go to …to … Candy isn’t good for your teeth. How about some
fruit? Don’t use that bag. You are good kids. Shopping online is easy and fun. Do you
like…teddy is her good friend. 其他年级可以渗透的有:I am so happyexcited. Let’s
sing a song. Good idea. I likelove ... What about …? He is the best. We are
luckyhappy to see … I like Saturdays. You are beautifulspecialkindluckyfine.
That’s fineokaygoodwonderfulinterestingeasydifficult. Who can help…? He is
very kind. Do you want to … with her? How happy we are! What a
goodgreatfun …!

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